About 40 miles (64km) south of Mawlamyine, Thanbyuzayat, which literally means “A shed of white iron sheet”, is named after a structure which existed when it was the western terminus of the Death Railway built by prisoners of the Japanese during World War II. Thousands of allied prisoners-of-war as well as Myanmar and other Asians died building the railway, which had its eastern terminus at Kanchanaburi in Thailand. Thanbyuzayat symbolizes the horrors of war and has a cemetery under the care of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission.